I have reviewed and edited my list of the Orbxfreeware and payware airports, with runway
description and airport elevation. It includes most airports that were
created as of March 27th, 2020.
I have added many airports based on what Orbx has
released since last year on its “OrbxDirect Release Announcements” section. I have
also corrected some mistakes that I noted on my list. Every new virtual airport
for X-Plane, P3DV4, AFS2 and FSX has been added to
Payware airports often come with secondary, smaller virtual
airports included in their package. I reviewed several payware airports and
added those smaller airports with their runway description and elevation.
I use the list to plan my virtual flights and find
possible challenging situations. The list might
not be perfect but it is certainly good enough to be enjoyed by most flight
You have access to a free download PDF file
on my website. Just click on the following secured link:
holds great surprises during snowstorms.
The picture above was taken on February 27, 2020, a day when Quebec City
received between 30 and 35 centimeters of snow.
This little street in Quebec
City still has its old wooden posts from which hang many electric wires. In
several new neighborhoods, the wires are now buried and the lampposts are no
longer made of wood.
The photographic composition did not require much effort, because everything attracted me to this traditional winter scene: the people, the diffused light at the end of the day, the horizon obscured by snow, the steeples in the background, the traditional architecture of buildings pressed against each other and the cars buried under the snow.
As for people, there was only the person shoveling her
entrance when I took my first photo. Then a man walking his dog appeared in the
distance. I took the photo when he was well in view but not in the foreground.
The scene was captured with a Canon 5DSrfull-frameDSLR camera. Image processing software was then used to refine the final result.
above shows Place d’Youville, in Quebec City, during the February 7,
original color photo practically showed only a general white veil. The
processing in black and white photo helps
to accentuate the effects of blowing snow in this winter scene. Transformation
into black and white is a very useful photography
technique when it comes to highlighting elements that are difficult to
subsequent enhancement using an image processing
software also helped to highlight otherwise secondary elements.
Between the snow bank in the foreground and the buildings on the right, the cars are moving slowly along what is still visible of this entrance to Old Quebec.
above shows St-Louis street partially obstructed by snow. On this Friday
evening, the Quebec carnival has just started. However, not everyone is
celebrating. The driver of the snow blower in the background is immobilized.
The trucks in which he would normally blow snow have been delayed.
In the foreground, the restaurant La Bûche. I’ve been there a few times since it opened. Always the same excellent recipes, impeccable service and an extra kilo after the meal. A very good restaurant in Quebec, near the Chateau Frontenac. And for those interested, what is happening in the kitchen is visible to some of the customers. (No I am not paid for this advertisement!)
For the bravest, winter cycling is an alternative way to
travel in extreme weather. The
reduced visibility forces the cyclist above to use the sidewalk for his own
protection. However, beware of walking down sidewalks at the corner of streets
where ice sometimes accumulates. Having often been in Old Quebec to do night and day photography, I witnessed spectacular pirouettes that would make the
elastic acrobats of Cirque du Soleil jealous.
The photos were taken with a Canon 5DSr full-frame camera.
The photography technique adopted above uses the arch offered by Porte St-Jean to frame the main photo showing Place d’Youville and its buildings at the time of heavy snowfall.
This winter night photograph represents several challenges, including the need to show the snowflakes falling in front of the headlights of moving cars while respecting the natural light of the buildings in the background.
The two pedestrians strolling on St-Jean
Street add a human touch and depth to this scene.
The photo below shows part of Pub St-Patrick with some of its Christmas decorations during the snowstorm of February 7, 2020. Old Quebec is full of decorated buildings long after the holiday season is over.
The photo was taken just before nightfall because the light is particularly
soft at that moment. I waited for a rare pedestrian to add a bit of humanity to
The photographic composition
takes into account the two diagonal lines starting from the upper and lower
left corners and meet on the right side of the photo, roughly in its center.
The diffuse light coming from a lamp post located on the right and outside
the frame of the photo adds a little warmth to this winter scene.
The pictures above were taken with a Canon 5DSR full frame camera.
The few Christmas decorations still remaining in Old Quebec enhance the winter scenery during a snowstorm on February 7 2020. The presence of several interesting elements add to the photographic composition: the color of the lights in the fir tree and its reflection on the snow, the yellowish lights , the pedestrians walking in the snow covered alley, the smoke escaping from one side of the building and the « blue hour », a period that lasts a few minutes before darkness when one can still see the color of the sky.
The black and white
photo above has received infrared
treatment. This way, the characters passing in front of the car’s
headlights are clearly visible, while also making it possible to distinguish
the surrounding objects. Night
photography with moving characters and such dramatic light contrasts requires a higher ISO if you
do not want to leave out objects that would be of interest in the photographic
Despite an adjusted ISO, the car’s headlights made it harder for the camera’s sensor to correctly read the average brightness of the scene. Without digital image processing, the surrounding buildings would all be extremely dark. Using infrared solved part of the problem.
A winter photography project can consist of planning a photo session during a huge winter storm. The next few articles related to photography will concern the snowstorm that took place on February 7, 2020 in Quebec.
The photo above was taken near Côte de la Fabrique, in Old Quebec, after the storm which left 35 centimeters of snow. I chose a black and white photo because the colors added nothing significant, even going so far as to distract the viewer.
The technique of black and white photography works very well here at showing the contrasts between light and dark. The pedestrian and the vehicle headlights emerge much better and the blowing effect near the buildings is more visible.
Interestingly, the rise and fall of tides in the St. Lawrence Seaway impacts snow removal in upper town of Old Quebec.
If the storm occurs during high tides, there may be an overflow of the St. Lawrence Seaway on certain sections of the highway in the lower town. The trucks responsible for collecting snow then have to make a long detour which brings them back to areas already affected by automobile congestion and where speed limits are considerably lower.
While the snowblower is on site and ready to clear the streets of Old Quebec, trucks are caught in traffic, thus slowing the snow removal process. (To be continued).
Do not use the “Ulicense.online” internet site to order online products. This site is a scam but gives the impression of an honest business. I ordered a Microsoft product, thinking that they were allowed to sell those products. The activation key does not work and there is no way to contact someone, whatever the method. I was looking for help with the product and got nothing.
I then visited the « Trustpilot.com » site to check what the users thought of that company. I found several recent complaints about Ulicense. Feel free to advise your friends before they make the same mistake as I did.
Last week, there was virtually no ice on the St.Lawrence Seaway near Quebec City. Since the beginning of the winter, very mild temperatures had allowed ships to travel the St.Lawrence without encountering any obstacles. For the past week however, more seasonal temperatures with some days between -15C and -22C have been changing the appearance of the seaway.
The photo above shows the oil tanker Nave Equinox, a ship built in 2007 approaching Quebec City. Even at -15C, the day was still ideal for photography because the cloud cover was fragmented allowing the diffuse light of the January sun.
The photo was taken from the Dufferin Terrace near Château Frontenac.The vessel was quite distant and a significant cropping was applied to bring the vessel closer. The photo was taken hand-held and the image sharpness was retained using a very fast 1/8000 sec shutter speed. Doing so limited vibrations.
The camera used was a Canon 5DSr with a Canon EF 85mm f/1.2L II USM lens. A 50.6 megapixel sensor limited image pixelization when cropped.
At the beginning of the trip towards the St. Lawrence estuary, a cable links the Ocean tugboat with the Euronav Cap Leon oil tanker. The current and the ice push the oil tanker towards the east and the speed of the oil tanker must be controlled for the tight turn around Île d’Orléans.